As the world continues its quest to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and seek sustainable transportation solutions, researchers from the University of Houston have proposed that hydrogen fuel could be a cost-competitive and environmentally friendly alternative to traditional liquid fuels. In their white paper titled “Competitive Pricing of Hydrogen as an Economic Alternative to Gasoline and Diesel for the Houston Transportation Sector,” the researchers explore the potential of hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) to significantly curb greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector.
The transportation sector in Texas alone emits over 230 million metric tons of carbon dioxide gas each year. This alarming statistic highlights the urgent need for cleaner and more sustainable transportation alternatives. While gasoline and diesel fuels are favored for their higher energy density, they contribute to harmful environmental effects. Gasoline releases carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas, while diesel contributes to the formation of ground-level ozone.
Fuel cell electric vehicles, on the other hand, refuel with hydrogen in just five minutes and produce zero emissions. By transitioning to hydrogen-powered vehicles, the transportation sector can enjoy the environmental benefits of reduced greenhouse gas emissions and improved air quality. The potential for hydrogen as a sustainable fuel source is particularly promising in the greater Houston area, which already houses numerous hydrogen plants for industrial use.
According to the researchers, Houston possesses several key advantages that make it an ideal location for transitioning from traditional vehicles to hydrogen-powered ones. The city boasts abundant water resources and an extensive commercial filtering system, providing ample support for hydrogen generation. Furthermore, Houston’s existing natural gas pipeline infrastructure makes hydrogen production and supply more cost-effective, giving it a competitive edge in the adoption of hydrogen-powered transportation.
The study conducted by the University of Houston researchers compares three different hydrogen generation processes: steam methane reforming (SMR), SMR with carbon capture (SMRCC), and electrolysis using grid electricity and water. By utilizing the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL) H2A tools and the Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) developed by Argonne National Laboratory, the researchers were able to estimate the costs associated with each process.
One significant finding of the research is that SMRCC hydrogen can be supplied at a lower cost of $6.10 per kg hydrogen at the pump, making it competitive with grid hydrogen. This cost comparison takes into account the absence of tax credit incentives. The affordability of hydrogen fuel is an essential factor in driving its widespread adoption as a transportation fuel, making it an economically viable and attractive alternative to gasoline and diesel.
The University of Houston researchers’ white paper reinforces the transformative potential of hydrogen fuel in the transportation sector. By examining the cost competitiveness and environmental benefits of hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles, the study highlights the viability of hydrogen as a sustainable and profitable transportation solution. As the world continues to tackle the challenges of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, hydrogen fuel offers a promising path towards a greener and more sustainable future.