The Impact of Massive FOIA Requests on Election Workers and the Role of Generative AI in Election Denial

The inundation of local election officials with paperwork and Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests by US election deniers has placed a significant strain on the already burdened election workers. These officials are compelled to spend a considerable amount of their time responding to these requests, detracting from their primary responsibilities related to organizing and overseeing elections. The sheer volume of requests being filed, particularly following the 2020 presidential elections, has forced some local governments to reconsider their processes and administrative structures.

Democratic state senator Patty Kederer highlighted the financial implications of processing FOIA requests, emphasizing that smaller counties lack the resources and personnel required to handle the increasing workload. The situation has become so dire in some regions that legislative action has been necessary to alleviate the pressure on local elections workers. This indicates a serious issue that must be addressed to ensure the effective functioning of the electoral process.

The Role of Generative AI in Escalating the Problem

The emergence of generative AI technology poses a new and potentially more significant threat to election workers already grappling with the deluge of FOIA requests. AI-powered chatbots such as OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Microsoft’s Copilot have the capability to mass-produce requests with remarkable efficiency, further complicating the situation. These systems can even mimic the language and structure of legitimate requests, making it increasingly challenging for officials to distinguish between genuine inquiries and bad-faith attempts to disrupt the electoral process.

Zeve Sanderson from New York University’s Center for Social Media and Politics expressed concerns about the potential misuse of generative AI in flooding local elections officials with requests. The ability of AI models to reference specific state-level laws and craft relevant FOIA requests exacerbates the burden on already overwhelmed workers. By diverting their focus towards responding to these requests, election workers are prevented from carrying out essential tasks critical to ensuring fair and smooth elections.

Evaluating the Impact of AI-Generated FOIA Requests

An experiment conducted by WIRED using various generative AI models underscored the ease with which FOIA requests could be generated for battleground states. The requests specifically targeted information on voter fraud, demonstrating the potential for AI to manipulate and exploit the system for malicious purposes. The text generated by Copilot included details related to the 2020 elections, despite the absence of such prompts from the users, indicating the AI’s ability to autonomously introduce contentious topics into the requests.

The implications of this experiment are alarming, as it highlights the susceptibility of the electoral process to external interference driven by AI technologies. The integrity of elections and the trust in the democratic system are at stake, necessitating urgent intervention to safeguard against such exploitative practices. The combination of election denialism and generative AI presents a formidable challenge that demands a coordinated and proactive response from governments and technology companies alike.

The convergence of election denialism and generative AI represents a significant threat to the electoral process, particularly concerning the well-being of election workers and the integrity of democratic institutions. The exploitation of FOIA requests as a tool for disruption underscores the urgent need for regulatory measures and ethical guidelines to govern the use of AI technologies in this context. By acknowledging the risks posed by AI-generated requests and taking proactive steps to address them, stakeholders can mitigate the impact of malicious actors seeking to undermine the democratic foundation of elections.


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