The Impact of Intense Pulsed Lasers on Biological Processes

The use of nonlinear light microscopy in studying complex biological processes has been groundbreaking in the field of science. However, the potential damage that intense light can cause to living matter is a major concern. The research conducted by the teams of Hanieh Fattahi and Daniel Wehner aimed to shed light on the mechanisms behind the irreversible perturbation of cellular processes caused by intense pulsed lasers. Their collaboration at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light and Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin has been crucial in identifying the conditions under which intense pulsed lasers can be safely used in vivo without causing harm to organisms.

The international team based in Erlangen focused on using zebrafish to investigate the mechanisms of photodamage in deep tissue at a cellular level. By utilizing femtosecond excitation pulses, the researchers were able to observe the effects of intense light on the central nervous system of zebrafish. They found that damage occurred at extreme peak intensities required for low-density plasma formation. This discovery opens up possibilities for noninvasive imaging techniques with increased dwell time and photon flux, as long as the peak intensity remains below the low-plasma density threshold.

The results of the study have significant implications for the field of microscopy, particularly in the development of innovative techniques such as femtosecond fieldoscopy. This cutting-edge technology allows for high spatial resolution, label-free imaging with attosecond temporal resolution. According to Soyeon Jun, the first author of the publication, these findings contribute to advancements in deep tissue imaging techniques and pave the way for future developments in the field of microscopy.

The collaborative nature of the research conducted by Fattahi and Wehner’s teams highlights the importance of interdisciplinary work in advancing scientific knowledge. By bridging the gap between physics and biology, the researchers were able to uncover valuable insights into the effects of intense light on biological processes. This collaboration not only enhances our understanding of photodamage but also opens up new possibilities for in vivo applications aimed at precise manipulations of the central nervous system.

The research on the impact of intense pulsed lasers on biological processes marks a significant step forward in the field of microscopy and cellular biology. The findings provide valuable information on the mechanisms of photodamage in deep tissue and offer new opportunities for noninvasive imaging techniques. Through collaboration and innovation, the teams at the Max Planck Institute have paved the way for future advancements in the study of complex biological processes.

Science

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