The Impact of Dichroism in Amorphous Solids Revealed Through Helical Light Beams

Until recently, it was widely believed that amorphous solids lacked the ability to selectively absorb light due to their disordered atomic structure. However, groundbreaking research conducted at the University of Ottawa has challenged this long-standing theory. A study led by Professor Ravi Bhardwaj and his team has shown that amorphous solids, in fact, exhibit dichroism, meaning they have the ability to selectively absorb light of different polarizations. This discovery not only contradicts prior beliefs but also opens up new possibilities for altering the interactions between light and these materials by manipulating the properties of light itself.

The researchers at uOttawa utilized helical light beams to unveil the dichroism present in amorphous solids. By employing these specialized light beams carrying orbital angular momentum, they were able to probe the optical properties of both amorphous and crystalline materials. The use of a birefringent liquid crystal plate, known as a q-plate, allowed them to generate designer light fields with twisted wavefronts, resembling a corkscrew pattern. This innovative approach provided insights into the optical behavior of amorphous solids that were previously unknown.

The implications of this research extend far beyond the realm of materials science. The discovery of intrinsic dichroism in amorphous and crystalline solids has significant implications for optics and chiroptical spectroscopy. Professor Bhardwaj and his team’s findings offer a new method for controlling a material’s optical response by utilizing helical light beams. This novel approach challenges current beliefs about the optical characteristics of amorphous solids and provides a pathway for exploring the unique capabilities of helical light beams in manipulating material properties.

The study conducted at uOttawa was not only based on experimental evidence but was also supported by theoretical models developed in collaboration with Professor Thomas Brabec. This comprehensive approach provided a deeper understanding of the observed phenomena and the underlying mechanisms behind dichroism in amorphous solids. The helical light beams served as a valuable tool for probing the short-to-medium-range order in disordered solids, shedding light on the mysterious nature of these materials.

By demonstrating the existence of intrinsic dichroism in both crystalline and amorphous solids, this research has advanced our understanding of the optical properties of solid-state materials. The discovery of helical dichroism in non-crystalline solids paves the way for innovative applications and further exploration of the unique capabilities of helical light beams. Ashish Jain and Jean-Luc Bégin, doctoral students who contributed to the study, emphasized the importance of this work in unraveling the optical mysteries of amorphous materials and expanding the possibilities for future research in this field.

The study conducted at the University of Ottawa has revolutionized our understanding of amorphous solids and their optical behavior. The utilization of helical light beams has revealed the dichroism present in these materials, challenging traditional beliefs and opening up new avenues for research and application. This groundbreaking research not only sheds light on the optical properties of solid-state materials but also showcases the power of innovative approaches in unraveling scientific mysteries.

Science

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