The Future of Automotive Computer Architecture

The automotive industry is constantly evolving, with modern cars becoming increasingly reliant on electronics for various functions. The management of these electronics and assistance systems is a complex task, often leading to heavier cable harnesses in vehicles. In response to these challenges, the Fraunhofer researchers have embarked on a groundbreaking research project known as CeCaS. This project aims to develop a new systems architecture that will centralize the control of electronic components in vehicles, paving the way for highly automated and connected vehicles.

One of the key aspects of the Fraunhofer technology being developed in the CeCaS project is the implementation of an extremely reliable Ethernet backbone that operates in real-time. This innovative approach envisions a future where cars are controlled from a central supercomputing platform, rather than relying on numerous interconnected computer systems. This centralized control system would allow for easy installation of updates via Wi-Fi and the integration of new functionalities as needed. By streamlining the management of electronic components, vehicle manufacturers can optimize communication between systems and provide the necessary computing power in real-time.

The team at Fraunhofer is focusing on Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN) as a key technology for the CeCaS project. By developing and integrating IP cores for semiconductor devices, the researchers aim to enhance Ethernet-based network technology with real-time capabilities. TSN achieves a unique combination of real-time capability and reliability through innovative methods such as utilizing a consistent system time for control devices, smart process queue management, and task prioritization. This ensures that critical commands, such as those for the brake system, are given higher priority than less urgent tasks like adjusting air conditioning settings.

Ethernet technology offers a wealth of benefits to the CeCaS project, including flexibility and scalability. When combined with Fraunhofer’s IP cores, Ethernet can be easily adapted for use in vehicles of varying sizes and performance categories. This adaptability allows for the development of a standardized vehicle technology platform that can be utilized across different vehicle models. Moreover, the implementation of Ethernet technology in vehicles will enable seamless updates and integration of new functionalities via Wi-Fi, ultimately reducing the need for cumbersome cable harnesses and lowering manufacturing costs.

The computer architecture being developed in the CeCaS project signifies a significant departure from traditional construction methods in the automotive industry. Moving away from domain-based control of components, the CeCaS approach emphasizes zone-based management, where a few high-performance computing platforms oversee multiple modules simultaneously. This new architecture will encompass critical systems like the engine, gearbox, and brakes, as well as various comfort and entertainment features. By centralizing control and streamlining communication between components, the car of the future will operate as a supercomputer on wheels, enhancing safety, efficiency, and user experience for drivers and passengers alike.

The CeCaS project spearheaded by Fraunhofer represents a bold leap forward in automotive computer architecture. By centralizing control, leveraging innovative technologies like TSN, and integrating Ethernet backbone systems, the project aims to revolutionize vehicle electronics and pave the way for highly automated, connected vehicles. The future of automotive technology is bright, with cutting-edge advancements in computer architecture set to transform the driving experience and shape a new era of smart, connected transportation.

Technology

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