A Breakthrough in Opto-Electronics: Laser-Induced Superconductivity Integrated on a Chip

In a significant advancement in the field of opto-electronics, researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg, Germany, have successfully demonstrated the integration of laser-induced superconductivity on a chip. Published in Nature Communications, the study showcases the non-linear electrical response of photo-excited K3C60, a key feature of superconductivity. This breakthrough opens up new avenues for opto-electronic applications and provides valuable insights into the physics of thin films.

The researchers from the Cavalleri group employed on-chip non-linear THz spectroscopy to conduct their study. By connecting thin films of K3C60 with co-planar waveguides and photo-conductive switches, they were able to perform picosecond transport measurements. A visible laser pulse triggered the switch, enabling a one-picosecond electrical current pulse to pass through the material. This current reached another switch acting as a detector, revealing essential information about the electrical signatures of superconductivity in the material.

The study yielded crucial results regarding the behavior of the optically excited K3C60. The researchers discovered non-linear current changes, known as critical current behavior, in the excited material. This behavior, along with the observation of the Meissner effect, which denotes the exclusion of magnetic field lines from the superconducting material, confirms the presence of superconductivity. The demonstration of critical current behavior in the optically excited solid is a significant achievement that contributes to our understanding of superconductivity.

Interestingly, the optically driven state of K3C60 was found to resemble that of a “granular superconductor,” consisting of weakly connected superconducting islands. This resemblance to granular behavior opens up new possibilities for exploring the properties and behavior of superconductors. The unique experimental capabilities of the MPSD, including the ability to conduct measurements on the picosecond scale, contributed to these innovative findings and further enhance our understanding.

The researchers developed a technique platform that enables the probing of non-linear transport phenomena away from equilibrium. This platform is perfect for studying effects such as the non-linear and anomalous Hall effects, Andreev reflection, and more. By establishing this technique platform, the study not only achieved remarkable scientific results but also laid the foundation for future research and the development of new opto-electronic devices.

The integration of non-equilibrium superconductivity into opto-electronic platforms has the potential to revolutionize the field. This breakthrough paves the way for the development of novel devices based on laser-induced superconductivity. With the MPSD at the forefront of scientific and technological advancements, this work showcases their commitment to pushing boundaries and achieving new scientific understanding.

The integration of laser-induced superconductivity on a chip represents a significant breakthrough in the field of opto-electronics. The researchers at MPSD have successfully demonstrated the non-linear electrical response of photo-excited K3C60 and observed critical current behavior, key features of superconductivity. These findings provide valuable insights into the physics of thin films and open up new possibilities for opto-electronic applications. The technique platform developed in this study holds immense promise for further research and the development of future devices. With this work, the MPSD continues to establish itself as a leader in scientific and technological innovation.

Science

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